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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance.

Type 2 is far more common than Type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the body doesn’t produce any insulin at all. In the UK, about 90% of all adults with diabetes have Type 2.

 You are more at risk of Type 2 diabetes if you are:

  • Over the age of 40 and are overweight, especially if you have a large tummy.
  • Are Black African, Caribbean or South Asian.
  • Have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes.
  • Have ever had high blood pressure, a heart attack or stroke.
  • Are a woman who has had polycystic ovaries, gestational diabetes or a baby weighing over 10 pounds.


Key facts about Type 2 diabetes

  1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. The right food choices can help you maintain your long-term health.
  2. Eating healthily and increased physical activity may be sufficient treatment, in the beginning, to manage your diabetes.
  3. Type 2 is harder to diagnose and people can have the condition for up to 10 years before being diagnosed. Talk to your GP if you are concerned.
  4. Not all people with Type 2 will be overweight.
  5. People of South Asian origin are at a greater risk. This risk increases from the age of 25 and not from the age of 40.
  6. If you are planning to have a baby then it is vital that you speak to your diabetes care team who will help you to achieve this goal in a healthy way for Mum and baby

Visit Essex Diabetic Eye Screening Programme website for details of clinic locations and how to book an appointment.




Did you know?

Thirty minutes of moderate to intense physical activity on most days and a healthy diet can drastically reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

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